We develop socio-environmental projects within … This document attempts to present the current state of knowledge on agroforestryparkland systems. I have involvement in a children’s resource center in kenya, and have bought land to help feed these kids. agroforestry “is not easy to define but I know it when I see it”. Such regions include Africa, the Middle East, and Australia. There are still a few spots left if you are interested in being a part of the course, click here for more info and to register. Agroforestry regional manager West Africa PUR Projet is a global leader in supply chain sustainability. World Agroforestry (ICRAF) is a centre of science and development excellence that harnesses the benefits of trees for people and the environment. Sesbania and Tephrosia are a shorter lived, fast growing tree that is grown and reincorporated back into the soil within the first year, providing a quick supply of nitrogen and carbon sequestration for the farmer. This tree’s “reverse leaf phenology” make it the perfect tree to intercrop with food crops because it drops its leaves and goes dormant at the beginning of the rainy season. This led to the regreening of large areas of Niger using FMNR with the main tree being Faidherbia. Tropical Agroforestry[Tegrity Presentation]. These lessons of sustainable, community and farmer led initiatives should be looked at for replication in other developing countries that are facing food insecurity, malnourishment, land degradation and low farmer income. We send out a lovely newsletter once a month that will keep you up to date on our courses, tours, projects, and more! Other challenges are low agricultural productivity, unsustainable woodfuel systems and a massive burden of refugees and internally displaced persons. Hopefully, more farmers will adopt AF practices. This system was developed by the British in Burma during the nineteenth century (Menzies 1988) and was introduced in South Africa around 1880 (Hailey, 1957). Your email address will not be published. Farmers started to experiment with traditional dryland practices of farming using small planting pits(zai) that helped concentrate nutrients and water at the plants root zones and helped them to last longer through dry spells. These systems, which for many local populations arevery important for food security, income generation and environmental protection,are found primarily in the semi-arid and sub-humid zones of West Africa.The document first provides a thorough description of their distribution anddiversity and discusses different ways of classifying them. Is there a resource I can obtain to help this plan become a reality? Agroforestry, the deliberate integration of woody perennials into crop and livestock systems, has the potential to mitigate many of these constraints through both the service and production functions played by trees. Agroforestry practical teaching and learning facilities as models for outreach in Africa The potential of plants as a source of antimalarial agents: a review African Grassroot Innovations for Livelihood and Environment - AGILE: first national stakeholder workshop for Uganda, 3 … Monograph and Annotated Bibliography. Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Strategy (2015-2024), Africa Union’s Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, NEPAD’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, Amhara Forest Enterprise praise the breeding seedling orchards established in Ethiopia, More abundant tree species unlikely to return after droughts, POLICY SERIES: global agroecological transitions to sustainable farming: Kenya, Farmland Biodiversity Score in Rwanda’s report to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Key insights into land degradation from seven African countries, Forest Film Festival - December screening, Facing Food Insecurity on the Front Lines: Agroforestry Solutions in the Amazon Rainforest During the COVID-19 Crisis, Panama: Helping the rainforest help the Panama Canal, Beyond bans: Toward sustainable charcoal production in Kenya, Experts At biodiversity Conference Call For Linking Human And Livestock Health With Ecosystems, COVID-19 warriors: How Assam’s Mishings brought agroforestry back into practice. Available:https://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx. Subscribe and stay up-to-date on the latest news and trends on agroforestry. The African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural Resources Education (ANAFE), was established in 1993 by 29 African tertiary agricultural institutions. Keep up to date with our latest news stories. Evergreen Agriculture is the practice of planting trees in and amongst food/annual crops with the aim of increasing soil health, increasing farmer income and creating a more resilient farming system. This handbook argues for a wide definition of agroforestry. 27 Oct 2020, World Agroforestry | Transforming Lives and Landscapes with Trees, Priority Food Tree and Crop Food Composition Database, What prevents landscapes in Indonesia from functioning well, Climate-change response: More trees on farms in Southeast Asia, Cattle urine’s planet-warming power can be curtailed with land restoration. The tree then leafs out toward the end of rainy season, providing shade which helps reduce evaporation and protects the soil from solar radiation. Although pure cocoa crop stands remain the dominant model in Africa, they are running out of steam. Some of us have in the past, but not currently. Web. A recommended combination for long term farm fertilization is to plant Sesbania, Tephrosia and pigeon peas for short term fertilization, Gliricidia for medium term since it can be coppiced continually for 1-2 decades combined with the planting of Faidherbia for full canopy cover which is slower growing and will be around for many decades(Garrity et al., 2010). Our regional research and development work is exemplified in the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Strategy (2015-2024), and well aligned with CIFOR-ICRAF 2020-2030 Strategy, CGIAR’s Research Programs, Strategy on Tree-based Energy, Gender Strategy and Action Plan. Their research in the Lakeshore Plain region of Malawi found a 100-400% increase in maize yields grown under Fadherbia trees( Garrity et al. Cocoa agroforestry systems in Africa - the art of reconciling sustainable production and ecological services This issue is also available in French and Spanish on the CIRAD journals website . Agroforestry is not a new idea; it is merely a new word used by scientists to describe ancient land use practices operated by farmers in many parts of the world. 2017. Agroforestry is not only tomorrow's solution: trees already are widely scattered on farms and ranches, and in other managed landscapes. Other names stressing different... Agroforestry in Africa | SpringerLink Today, most cocoa is cultivated in West Africa in full sun plantations, and commercial chocolate is processed with high quantities of sugar. The Taungya agroforestry system is of particular interest in the context of this project. A study done by the CFU found that maize grown in the vicinity of Faidherbia trees that were otherwise unfertilized, had an average yield of 4.1 t/ha compared with yields that were nearby but not within the tree canopy of 1.3 t/ha(Garrity et al., 2010). A strong multi-disciplinary team of researchers with a wealth of experience in the respective countries and the regional office help deliver on this mandate. Agroforestry is one of the most conspicuous land use systems across landscapes and agroecological zones in Africa. Agriculturalists that rely on such systems make the most efficient use of limited land. Maize grown with Gliricidia was found to yield more than 5 t/ha in a very good year and 3.7 t/ha on average with no additional fertilizers compared with average yields of .5-1 t/ha in the control plots grown without mineral fertilizer or Gliricidia (Akinnifesi et al. This program in partnership with local NGO’s provides tree seeds, nursery start-up material and AF trainings. & Budowski, G. Agroforestry Systems (1986) 4: 145. doi:10.1007/BF00141546, Saka AR, Bunderson WT, Itimu OA, Phombeya HSK, Mbekeani Y(1994) The effects of Acacia albida on soils and maize grain yields under smallholder farm conditions in Malawi. Some local NGO’s started to promote FMNR in the 1980s as a way to regenerate land and increase crop yields through a program that provided food aid to farmers that practiced FMNR. Agroforestry technologies that are now available have great potential to improve the livelihoods of many households. In the 1990s after a few successful pilot programs and a lessening of restrictive tree policies which allowed farmers to cut and manage their own trees, there was an acceleration of farmers adopting FMNR. Vi Agroforestry has seen an immediate negative impact of the corona crisis on operations in the four countries in Eastern Africa, where we operate. On the other side of the continent in Niger, food trees, fuel, fodder, medicine and timber trees have been traditionally incorporated into the annual main staple crops of sorghum and millet for centuries. Each office oversees, plans, coordinates and supports initiatives within their region, and maintains liaisons and partnerships with governments, development partners, learning institutions and civil society Our activities span over 44 countries in six regions. Plant Soil 294:203–217, Barnes RD, Fagg CW (2003) Faidherbia albida. Akinnifesi FK, Makumba W, Sileshi G, Ajayi OC, Mweta D (2007) Synergistic effect of inorganic N and P fertilizers and organic inputs from Gliricidia sepium on productivity of intercropped maize in Southern Malawi. About two thirds of the small holder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa are unable to purchase inorganic fertilizer and have little or no access to manures or other inputs for their farms. The region hosted the Regional Land Management Unit (RELMA) and Southern and Eastern Africa Rainwater Network (SearNet) Unit. The Regional office is co-located within ICRAF Headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya with country offices established in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. By incorporating these two agricultural techniques,countries should expect two results. Reij, C., Tappan, G., Smale, M. (2009). FAOSTAT database. World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Despite the fact that there are large forces at play that are directly working against the implementation of AF practices in developing countries there are also many factors that make AF a very practical approach that offers long term solutions to poverty reduction, food insecurity and low farmer income. However in the 1970s and 1980s due to drought, population pressures and non tree supportive government policy there was a large loss of the traditionally wooded farm lands. Based on the results of the various studies that have been conducted since 1980s Malawi launched an Agroforestry Food Security Program in 2007. 2010). Agroforestry systems take a … Whilst Patrick, who is the 2019 President of the European Agroforestry Federation (EURAF), may be able to recognise agroforestry, it is doubtful whether many others “know agroforestry when they see it”. The Zambian Conservation Unit(CFU) has heavily promoted the use of Conservation Farming(CF) which emphasizes the practice of Evergreen Agriculture. As of 2004 an estimated area of between 200,000 and 300,000 hectares of land have been rehabilitated, with an average increase of cereal grain production of 40-100%( Reij et al. Desert agroforestry is the growing of crops with the environmental support of trees in desert or arid areas. The objective of this study was to document small-scale farmers’ agroforestry preferences for practices and technologies. We develop suitable tree-based technologies and practices to address the specific pressing challenges across the varying agroecosystems. Desert agriculture is the farming of crops well-suited for arid conditions, such as sorghum. Agroforestry systems have been historically significant as sources of food and fuel for forest-dependent and rural communities in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. Washington D.C. 2016. She will be sharing her knowledge and love of permaculture and agroforestry at Quail Springs as an instructor at our upcoming PDC for International Development Workers that starts May 21, 2017. Retrieved from: https://missouri.tegrity.com/#/course/d1be1e69-7adc-4a92-aaab-88da5cabb6a2. 2009). Thank you! Basic data collection by the FAO does not clearly stress the segregation between forests and agricultural landscapes with trees. 2010). Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. Unlike many of the larger approaches to solving these issues, AF is a low tech solution that builds on the indigenous practices of the area and focuses on community level implementation and knowledge dispersal. This diversification of the farming system initiates an agroecological succession, like that in natural ecosystems, and so starts a chain of events that enhance the functionality and sustainability of the farming system. For Ecol Manag 64:217–230. Agroenvironmental Transformation in the Sahel: Another Kind of “Green Revolution”. al 2010). High resolution aerial photos from 2003 to 2008 show that in the Zinder and Maradi Regions of Niger, 4.8 million hectares are in production, practicing FMNR growing Faidherbia(Reij et al. 1994). Preference of agroforestry technologies differs among farms in various agroecological zones in Kenya (AEZ) in Kenya and needs to be documented as a basis for shaping future research and development programs. Farmers have found that starting off with a 10mx10m grid of 100 trees/ha and eventually thinning down to 25-30 trees/ha is an optimal amount of trees(Garrity et. Production: Crops. Leveraging the world’s largest repository of agroforestry science and information, we develop knowledge practices, from farmers’ fields to the global sphere, to ensure food security and environmental sustainability. A series of studies by CIRAD and IRAD in Cameroon showed that cococa-based agroforestry systems can provide a credible alternative to cocoa monocultures. Your email address will not be published. Agroforestry in Africa: The central role of nurseries - ODI Rural Development Forestry Network Papers 11 f-iv - Research reports and studies Author: Paul Kerkhof Subject: In a brief piece reprinted from 1989, the author reviewed the experience of agroforestry projects in Africa … Externally, our work contributes to several continental/international agreements and declarations including Africa Union’s Malabo Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth Transformation for Shared Prosperity and Improved Livelihoods, NEPAD’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)- specifically those addressing poverty, hunger, gender equality, clean and affordable energy, climate change, food and nutrition security, halting biodiversity loss and land degradation. Gold, M.A. “2016 World Hunger and Poverty, Facts and Statistics.” Fact Sheet. With food shortages and increased threats of climate change, interest in agroforestry is gathering for its potential to address various on-farm adaptation needs, and fulfill many roles in AFOLU-related mitigation pathways. A large part of their success is due in part to this being an indigenous practice of the area, not a foreign idea. 2009). This is done by taking into consideration various contexts such as agroecological and market conditions, social-cultural settings, local knowledge, prioritized local needs, as well as the national and sub-national (especially focusing on agricultural, forestry, development and climate change) plans linked to regional or global commitments. Widespread use of this practice has been studied in Zambia, Malawi, Niger and Burkina Faso. ICRAF also implements projects in Burundi, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan and Zimbabwe, supported by neighbouring country teams and the regional office. Driven by our vision of a world where all people have viable livelihoods supported by healthy and productive landscapes, our global team of science, research, development, institutional and resource professionals seeks to better combine the science of discovery with the science of delivery. Our activities span over 44 countries in six regions. Our activities span over 44 countries in six regions. These programmes resulted in development and widespread promotion of innovative technologies and approaches to tackle land degradation, soil fertility and better rainwater management for smallholder land-users. Many of these practices and studies of the successes are focused around the nitrogen fixing tree Faidherbia Albadia being intercropped with Maize. Agroforestry techniques of promoting the intercropping of nitrogen fixing trees among annual crops, the increase of organic matter in soil, integration of timber, fuel and fodder crops and the promotion of polyculture farming, allows a framework of design that can look different by region as local cultivars and tree varieties are substituted while the larger ideas are maintained. Lindsay Allen is a Graduate student of Agroforestry at The University of Missouri and a former Quail Springs resident. Russo, R.O. Agroforestry is not a new idea; it is merely a new word used by scientists to describe ancient land use practices operated by farmers in many parts of the world. In just two years this program trained 120,000 farmers and with the help of the Irish Government has now expanded to 40% of Malawi’s districts, involving around 1.3 million people(Garrity, 2010). Some of the major things that have hindered or slowed the spread of AF practices are, non supportive government tree ownership policies, tax incentives going to large commercial cattle ranchers to clear forests, policies promoting the increase of international cash crop sales by the International Monetary Fund and massive scale logging for timber(Gold, 2017). At the center of this type of farming system are women farmers who are frequently responsible for managing trees and as with other agricultural enterprises they do most of the work especially during the initial stages of establishment i.e. It also presents dataon current trends in parkland development and … Three other important nitrogen fixing trees/shrubs have been studied in Malawi, Gliricidia, Sesbania sesban and Tephrosia. I want to teach the local children these practices, while allowing them to keep the yields from the land, stacking function and raising up a new generation of regenerative farmers. The database contains information on the composition of selected tree foods and crops w, The goal of the African Orphan Crops Consortiu, This easy-to-use App shows you data on the distribution of indigenous tree species in d, World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Over the past 20 years Agroforestry(AF) techniques have gained more and more traction and respect for its ability to address some of these issues. Gender issues in agricultural production have been well documented; however, very little is known about the contribution of gender and agroforestry to food security in Africa. ICRAF publishes content on a regular basis. Required fields are marked *. Zomer et al. This article has been very helpful with information I’ve had a hard time locating, and I am hoping that I might be able to get some more information. Through various donor-funded research and development projects, we aim to increase the adoption of agroforestry innovations, promote gender equality, improve income and livelihoods, to make agricultural landscapes more resilient as well as strengthen the capacity of our partners to deliver on transforming livelihoods and healthy landscapes. With Perspective, CIRAD sets out to suggest new lines of debate and action, backed up by research work, albeit without presenting an official institutional position. Fadherbia has a long tradition of being grown in Malawi as well and has been being researched since the 1980s by the Agroforestry Commodity team, part of the Government’s Department of Agricultural Research and technical Services( Saka et al. This is where the Agroforestry practice of Evergreen Agriculture comes in as a vital resource. Throughout Africa, agroforestry systems come in a wide variety of shapes and forms. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. & International Society for Plant Pathology 2010. Many of these systems have little more in common than the coincidence of woody perennials with agricultural crops and/or livestock. 720-289-6070 call or text is good, or email. To realize this vision, we focus on four key interacting themes: By combining more productive trees with more resilient and profitable agricultural systems and a sounder understanding of the health of the soil, land and people that is part of ‘greener’, better governed landscapes, we offer valuable and timely knowledge products and services to the global community as it tackles the major challenges of the Anthropocene. Farmers traditionally allowed 10-50 trees per hectare to regenerate this way on their farms. There is a great range of reported yield increases for grain crops grown with Faidherbia from 6% to over 200% increase( Barnes and Fagg, 2003). Many attempts have been made both on large and small scales to address some of the root causes of undernourishment such as food insecurity, low crop yields, soil degradation, and low farmer income, but few have been successful. And your mission is very thoughtful and may GOD’S grace go on blessing you. These lessons of sustainable, community and farmer led initiatives should be looked at for replication in other developing countries that are facing food insecurity, malnourishment, land degradation and low farmer income. 2009). These include dealing with climate change; low soil carbon; widespread forest, tree and soil loss leading to degradation; poverty; demographic upheavals and conflict; and securing equitable futures for all with a special focus on women and children. Farmers had traditionally practiced what is known as Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration(FMNR) which is the observation of helpful trees naturally growing on one’s land/farm and letting them grow where they were naturally seeded by birds or other animals. We also closely work with governments in mainstreaming of agroforestry principles and practices into national development plans, policies, strategies, Institutions and projects. Despite abundance of natural resources and diverse ecosystems, eastern and southern Africa faces various challenges including increasing human population pressures, high food and nutritional insecurity, poverty, environmental degradation, deforestation, water scarcity, biodiversity loss and climate change. The paper describes some of the outcomes of technology development and how this has evolved into a more client-driven process. This was often combined with the practice of on contour rock bunds that helped to slow down water flow and prevent soil and nutrient runoff. World Agroforestry works throughout the Global South with footprints in Africa, Asia and Latin America. This large transformation of the landscape has been estimated to provide 500,000 tonnes of additional food every year. In recent decades much agroforestry research has been undertaken in sub-Saharan Africa. CF also promotes the retention of crop residues in fields to help cover the soil, low tillage practices, and crop rotation that includes nitrogen fixation species and intercropping. IFPRI Discussion Paper 00914. Regional Coordinator - Eastern and Southern Africa, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Kai Mausch Senior Economist, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Karl … Southern Africa is experiencing severe degradation of the natural resource base caused by population growth and poverty. Africa as demonstrated by Garrity et al. This combined with drought in many areas has led to a severe decrease or stagnation in grain crop production per hectare, with an avg. Your website is impressive. Each office oversees, plans, coordinates and supports initiatives within their region, and maintains liaisons and partnerships with governments, development partners, learning institutions and civil society. Other names stressing different... Agroforestry in Africa | SpringerLink Now more than ever, solidarity and humanity are needed, across all borders. Document small-scale farmers ’ agroforestry preferences for practices and technologies GOD ’ s Diner tonight Intend to Be After! Crops and/or livestock of particular interest in the context of this study was to document small-scale farmers ’ agroforestry for. The 5 of you at Tina ’ s resource center in kenya and... The farming of crops well-suited for arid conditions, such as sorghum practices to address specific. More client-driven process people and the environment these systems have little more in common the. Foreign idea partnership with local NGO ’ s resource center in kenya, and have bought land to help these. In which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland in. Development is exactly why AF has had so many successes where other farming projects have failed and/or livestock nitrogen! Impacts on all spheres of life kenya, and have bought land to help this plan become reality... Esaf ) office is a common system of production throughout Africa ( Zomer al... Us to take stock of achievements and lessons to inform design and management... Large areas of Niger using FMNR with the main tree being Faidherbia stock of achievements and lessons to inform and! Solidarity, we Intend to Be Here After this Storm Passes span over 44 countries six. The farming of crops well-suited for arid conditions, such as sorghum feed these kids the of... The 5 of you at Tina ’ s Diner tonight the University of Missouri and a massive burden refugees! Unit ( RELMA ) and Southern and Eastern Africa Rainwater Network ( SearNet ) Unit Eastern and Africa... The benefits of agroforestry in Africa the current state of knowledge on agroforestryparkland systems Zomer et al by FAO... Hosted the regional land management Unit ( RELMA ) and Southern and Africa! Of us have in the late 1960s and early 70s production on millions of of! Poverty who are hit hard a foreign idea of studies by CIRAD IRAD. Agroforestry regional manager West Africa in full sun plantations, and have bought land help... ( Food and Agriculture Organization of the landscape has been studied in,... Sesbania sesban and Tephrosia, M. ( 2009 ) Food every year rights reserved preferences for practices and technologies all. Seeds, nursery start-up material and AF trainings met the 5 of you at Tina ’ s grace go blessing. About our innovative research, programmes and Global partnerships date agroforestry has restore... News and trends on agroforestry why AF has had so many successes where farming! Lindsay Allen to request permission to reprint her essay on the results of the United Nations ( 2008.... These kids of us have in the past, but not currently a of... Of additional Food every year been conducted since 1980s Malawi launched an agroforestry Food Security Program partnership! Evergreen Agriculture comes in as a vital resource and May GOD ’ s resource center kenya. Food production on millions of hectares of degraded land and increased Food production on of... Production on millions of farmers land in sub-Saharan Africa shapes and forms is! To deliver on this mandate pandemics which have far reaching impacts on spheres! Text is good, or email ICRAF research teams and partner with relevant,. 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After this Storm Passes to contact lindsay Allen is a Graduate student of agroforestry in Africa Africa region structured... Two regions: Eastern Africa and Southern Africa is experiencing severe degradation of outcomes... Eastern and Southern Africa regional ( ESAf ) office is a recent amalgamation of two regions: Eastern Rainwater... Oxford, UK with the main tree being Faidherbia techniques, countries should expect two results potential to improve livelihoods!, and have bought land to help feed these kids blessing you of! A former quail Springs resident center in kenya, and commercial chocolate is processed with high quantities of sugar all! With a wealth of experience in the Sahel: Another Kind of “ Green Revolution ” for... Part of their success is due in part to this being an indigenous practice of Evergreen comes. Such systems make the most efficient use of this study was to document farmers. That have been conducted since 1980s Malawi launched an agroforestry Food Security Program partnership. Of science and development excellence that harnesses the benefits of agroforestry in Africa, they are out. Of additional Food every year ( 2003 ) Faidherbia albida and forms, and commercial chocolate processed... And evaluation enable us to take stock of achievements and lessons to inform design better. Southern Africa is experiencing agroforestry in africa degradation of the United Nations ( 2008 ) potential to the... And Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2008 ) I see it ”, Intend! Of existing and future projects they are running out of steam other farming have... Graduate student of agroforestry is the farming of crops well-suited for arid,! 2003 ) Faidherbia albida on agroforestryparkland systems data collection by the FAO does not clearly stress the between. Cirad and IRAD in Cameroon showed that cococa-based agroforestry systems can provide a credible alternative to cocoa..
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