12. They are known as the ‘chameleons of the sea’, because their skin can change color rapidly. But rather than gorging on the whole body, they prefer to just pick off their soft arms and heads. The beautiful pink reef cuttlefish seen here and in the previous image is actually the same fish. It has an average life span of around 2 years. Cuttlefish are caught all over the world for delicacies like risotto in black sauce (the black sauce is the ink), fried snacks, deep-fried cuttlefish, fish stews etc. So cuttlefish really only come together to fight and sex each other up. Cephalopod researcher Dr. James Wood sums it up well; “Octopuses, squids, cuttlefish and the chambered nautilus belong to class Cephalopoda, which means ‘head foot”. 11. Dolphins have developed a special taste for cuttlefish. In this order, there are more than 100 species of cuttlefish. Cuttlefish eat small molluscs, crabs, shrimp, fish and The shape, size, and pattern (ridges/texture) vary in each of the species of cuttlefish. Cuttlefish have an internal shell (called a cuttlebone), large eyes, and eight arms and two tentacles furnished with finely toothed suckers, with which they grab their prey. It is believed that this cephalopoda starts observing its surroundings when it is in the egg itself. Cuttlefish are used by man as food, as a source of ink, and for the cuttlebone, a dietary supplement providing calcium for cage birds. What are some special features of a Cuttlefish? It is a relative of the squid and octopus that is beloved in the Mediterranean and in Southeast Asia. Among invertebrates, cuttlefish is the most intelligent organism with a large ratio of brain to body size. Cuttlefish are an important species for cephalopod fisheries in many countries. A few species can inject venom into their victims, but due to minimal contact with humans, this is not a significant risk. During the breeding season, which lasts between the spring and summer of every year, the male puts on a brilliant mating display in which it transforms colors and patterns to impress the female. Cuttlefish use jet propulsion to escape from enemies. 9. Fertilization is internal. Its skin is covered with special cells called chromatophores, iridophores and leucophores that reflect light in many different colours enabling the cuttlefish to blend into its background almost perfectly. What is a “beak”? These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The ink can be served alone or with the rest of the cuttlefish as well. The more liquid in the cuttlebone, the lower the cuttlefish sinks in the water. Each species of cephalopod produces slightly differently coloured inks; generally, octopuses produce black ink, squid ink is blue-black, and cuttlefish ink is a shade of brown. 6. The cuttlefish body contains millions of small pigment cells called chromatophores that allow the creature to alter its color and pattern at any time. Sepia is now the English word for a type of reddish brown color. This cephalopoda changes position of the entire lens to change focus as compared to mammals, who reshape the lens. How to Clean Cuttlefish . Here are five interesting facts about them: These cute little guys have a body that grows up to 8cm long. Cuttlefish belong to the mollusk family and have a special gland that manufactures and retains the brownish or sepia-colored ink until needed. Another interesting trait displayed by this animal during its mating ritual is: if the cuttlefish is a smaller one, it disguises itself as a female by changing its colors and hiding its extra arms or even pretending to hold an egg sac. Cuttlefish are used in food preparations, aquariums, and also bred for their ink and cuttlebone. The ink is released from the ink sacs (located between the gills) and is dispersed more widely when its release is accompanied by a jet of water from the siphon. Cuttlefish are among the most remarkable of cephalopods, but nobody expected the creatures to have this particular trick up their sleeve. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Throughout its natural range, this animal exhibits a yearly migratory pattern. Be the first to answer this question. Here are some intriguing facts about cuttlefish. Its ancestor probably came from an extinct cephalopod order known as the belemnitida. 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